Alexandria Egypt Culture
Alexandria is rich in heritage, culture and architecture and one of Egypt's most popular tourist destinations. Visitors can experience all this on one of their trips to Egypt in 2019, but what do they see?
Egypt's history is inextricably linked, and a destination in Egypt that is a true ancient miracle is magnanimous Alexandria. Ancient Cairo is roughly where the Islamic and Coptic monuments are, but it is also 225 kilometers northwest of Cairo. It is also one of the oldest cities in Egypt and is located in the heart of Alexandria, a city of more than 1.5 million inhabitants.
The catacombs of Kom El-Shuqafa have elements that were common during the Alexandrian period, as they are home to many of Egypt's most important archaeological sites, such as the tombs of John the Baptist and the tomb of St. Joseph. Alexandra has art that resembles the ancient architectural styles of Hellenic cities. Based on the ancient library in Alexandria, which was revived at the end of the 19th century as part of a major renovation project on the cultural heritage of the city.
Bound by the Nile Valley, Alexandria has developed into one of the most important cultural centers in the Middle East and North Africa. Alexandria was also a historic city where ancient Greek and Roman civilization met and connected, as the library itself was a port of call for businessmen who traded on the Silk Road. There is no doubt that the rich came from the variety of ideas and cultures that the traders brought with them.
This led to the creation of a new culture of Alexandria, which spread throughout the region and the Mediterranean. Greek influence in Egypt was reinforced by the Ottoman occupation of Egypt, where Greek veterans became part of the privileged aristocracy that gradually assimilated Egyptians.
During this period, the Alexandrian community maintained close relations with the Jews of Cairo and other Egyptian cities, often asking for help in the liberation of Jews captured by pirates. During this period, during the Ottoman occupation of Egypt and the subsequent Ottoman conquest of Greece, it maintained close friendships and relations with them, often asking for their help in buying Jews captured by pirates.
The Ptolemies supported science and learning in general and promoted Alexandria as a cultural center, inviting Greek writers to live, study, teach and work in the city and other parts of Egypt.
Over time, Alexandria, nicknamed "the Athens of Africa," became an important center for the development of the arts and sciences, as well as a cultural center. Alexandria became an important center of Hellenistic civilization and remained so until the time of Fustat, when a new capital was founded in Fusat and later merged with Cairo. As a result, a strange synthesis between Greeks and Egyptians emerged: the Greeks who went to Alexandria were also very open - receptive to the local gods. Originally Greek, the Ptolemies, who ruled Egypt for 300 years from Alexandria, were able to adopt Egyptian customs (even mummification) and expand their own worship to include "Egyptian gods."
As a major trading nation and cultural center, Alexandria brought Egypt to the world stage, and as the focus of power shifted from the Mediterranean coast to the interior, it could only observe Egypt from afar. Protected by the vast, relentless desert and the Nile as the only source of water for the people of the Nile Valley and the rest of Egypt, Alexandria became Egypt's new commercial center.
Alexandria is Egypt's second largest city, and its population was in the millions in the 1960s. Today Alexandria is one of the largest cities in Egypt with a population of more than 1.5 million people. Alexandria, the pearl of the Mediterranean, once the third largest and most populous city on the Nile after Cairo and Cairo, is now below 10 million. It is generally characterised by its rich history and cultural heritage, as well as its cultural and religious significance. In addition to its northern and central extension, it is home to a large number of museums, galleries, schools, hospitals, universities and other educational institutions.
The city of Alexandria in Egypt, which became an important centre of scientific research in the 3rd century BC, was particularly important for Hellenistic science. People admire the mythology that goes back to the ancient Pharaonic civilization, but Alexandria is ignored by today's visitors to Egypt.
Alexandria, located on the Mediterranean near Lake Maryut, with easy access to the Canopic arm of the Nile and a double harbor, was the capital of Egypt for nearly a thousand years. It was immensely prosperous and boomed as a trading centre for more than a century, but Cairo served as the Egyptian capital whenever the court fled the summer heat. From the seventh to the 16th century it was an important port in Egypt, along with Mecca and Jerusalem, where the holy sites of the region were visited. The Greek influence, the influence of the ancient city of Alexandria on Egypt and its cultural and religious life were of utmost importance.