Alexandria Egypt History
Egyptian counterparts were Jews and Greeks who lived and worked in Egypt, which meant the place where Western civilization touched the base with African and Asian cultures. The Macedonian ruler Alexander the Great was founded and extended to Alexandria, which took its name from him, and to the city of Alexandria.
A few months after his foundation Alexander left Egypt for the East and never returned to his city. The rule of the city ended when the Arabs conquered Egypt in 641 and decided to found a new capital south of Cairo. After the conquest of Egypt, the city fell to them and the new capital of Egypt, Fustat, was founded on the Nile.
Alexandria, a small port city, was founded in 331 BC after conquering Syria and sweeping it away in the Persian Empire. He realized that in order to become a world power, Egypt had to build a strong navy in Alexandria. Alexander the Great was the one who founded Alexandria and the first king of Egypt after his conquest of Syria.
Alexandria was to replace Naukratis as the Greek centre of Egypt and be the link between Greece and the rich Nile Valley. After Alexander the Great founded Alexandria in 332 BC, it was originally intended as a port city with the aim of replacing Naucratis (Q.V.), which represents a link between Macedonia and the riches of the Nile Valley. The chief architect Dinocrates was appointed to spearhead the construction of Alexandria, a project that was to replace Nau cratis and become a Hellenistic center in Egypt. Alexandria should replace Nau Crates (see) A Greek center for Egypt, which refutes the links between Athens and Greece, the richest of all.
The Hellenistic era, founded by the military icon of Alexander the Great, soon made Alexandria the Greek - Roman capital of Egypt.
The most important building project of Ptolemy was the Alexandrian library, which he founded in 306 BC, but a few months after its foundation Alexander left Egypt for the East and never returned to his city. The library embodied the best science of antiquity and contained works by Aristotle, Plato, Aristotle and Aristotle, among many others. The Albanian commander Mohammed Ali, who was later modernized in Egypt as a general, and the British recaptured it during the siege of Alexandria in 1801. Since then, it has housed some of the world's largest collections of ancient and modern art, history and literature.
Although Alexandria replaced the former Egyptian capital Memphis after Alexander destroyed the important port city of Tyre, the new capital did not fill the vacuum of political and commercial resources.
Alexandria brought Egypt to the world stage as a major trading nation and cultural center, and put it at the top of the list of Egypt's most important trading cities.
In the 4th century AD, the city's population was ravaged by civil war, famine and disease, and it never regained its former glory. Under Roman control, Alexandria remained the capital of Egypt and remained so until it passed from Rome to Byzantium and finally to Persia. It was the largest city in Egypt for over two thousand years and hosted many of the most important civilizations in the world, such as Rome, Greece, Egypt, Persia and Babylon. Today Alexandria is the second most populous city on the planet after Cairo, but it is only a few hundred kilometres from the Mediterranean Sea. The capital is a city with a population of about 2.5 million people and an area of over 2,000 square kilometers.
After becoming governor of Egypt, Ptolemy succeeded in bringing Alexander's body back to Alexandria. Mohammed Ali, the Ottoman governor of Egypt, began rebuilding the city in 1810, and by 1850 Alexandria had returned to something like its former glory.
Plutarch tells us that Alexander traveled to Egypt and freed the Egyptians from the occupation in the 6th century BC that had afflicted them. Although the Ptolemaic kings welcomed the Jews from Egypt to Palestine, they did not give them much standing. Thus their numbers grew and concentrated on Alexandria and Aswan.
Looking at the city from this perspective, and riding through its dirty streets to the pyramids, it is easy to forget that ancient Alexandria was the capital of Egypt and the most important city in the Middle East. To take full advantage of this historic location in Egypt's stunning views, you must be in Alexandria, or you may never know.
Suffice it to say that Alexandria was a thriving city in the 1st century BC, known for the great temple Serapis Serapeum, which was to adjoin the Great Library of Alexandria. It was built above Pharos, but it was not large enough, but so large that it had to be built on the ancient city of Phrygia, just a few kilometers away.